Career Guidance Handbook

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I

How to Make Career Decisions – 7 Steps Approach       12
Important skills for a successful career       25
Examination for Jobs       26
Tests for Courses/Scholarships       29
Courses offered by ITI/NVTI/Polytechnics       31

Part II

Jobs/Careers under different categories (International)       33
Jobs categorized by college majors
    Arts & Languages
    Mathematics & Sciences
    Accounts & Business Studies
    Social Sciences
      57
Career Directory       85

Part III

Keys to Student Success       151
Tips for success in the classroom       151
Tips for study more effectively       151
Tips for success outside classroom       152
Study Skills       153
Study skills and study tips       153
Active Listening       154
Principles of Listening       154
Exam       155
Exam-Preparation Tips       155
Exam-Taking Strategies       156
Exam-Stress - How to overcome       157

Part IV

Contemporary Issues in Employment/Career areas       163
Research For a Better Education and Career       216
Tips for Resume Writing, Interview Tips etc.       217
Important Skills for Employment       225

Career, Aptitudes, Success in life, Career Counselling ...........

If you think about it, your career is one of the most important aspects of your life. Throughout your adult years, you will probably spend more time working than doing any other single activity. A productive and fulfilling career can significantly contribute to one’s personal happiness. Dissatisfaction with life’s major occupation can have a profoundly adverse effect.

The decision of choosing one’s career is the most important one of our lives. Yet, often it is made on the basis of unrealistic professional aspirations, inadequate knowledge, parental and societal pressures and emotional factors that should rightly be irrelevant to this decision. It is not surprising therefore that many people find themselves in careers that have little to do with their aptitude, skills and desires. They drift in to jobs they are unsuited for, and end up dissatisfied, frustrated, over-stressed and often bored.

For many people, choosing a career or career related education can be a frustrating and anxiety producing experience. It needn’t be so. Medicine and Engineering are not the only best career options available. There are more than One Thousand careers to choose from, out of which you could easily discover that you have an interest in and aptitude for an exciting position you never knew existed.

When choosing a career, Career Counsellors and people in general ignore Aptitudes and go after Interests. APTITUDE is defined as - What you are capable of doing now and what you will be able to do in the future if given the opportunity to learn. It is very different from measuring your INTERESTS. It deals only with the present, and that too, what you think you might enjoy now. It can’t possibly predict whether your interests will stay the same or change as your life experience broadens. Another problem with interest is they are very subjective, based upon your own image of yourself. This is often inaccurate and will tend to limit your knowledge of yourself to only those characteristics you want to discover or perceive. Finally, tests of interests don’t assess your actual ability to learn or perform certain tasks. The mere fact that you are interested in something does not mean that you will be good at it. Hence,the real challenge is discover your strong and weak aptitudes and go after your strong aptitudes.

Now a days, it is mandatory for schools to have at least one career counsellor. According to a recent statistics, while 86 percent of students are very concerned about which option to choose for higher education, 92 per cent of them don’t get any career-related guidance from their schools. How will parents know what is right for their children? There is a serious dearth of guidance counsellors, compared to the number of students in India. There are only 500 counsellors for about 1.5 million students. Compare this to the United States which has about 2.6 million counsellors for 1,80,000 students. The good news is that teachers can fill this gap. This book is to assist Teachers. Also, the book will enlighten students about hundreds of courses other than Medicine and Engineering and assist them in choosing the right career.

Finally, this book will educate students in skills for a successful career, various examinations for jobs, tests for scholarships/courses, courses offered by colleges and schools, various courses and jobs and various jobs and the courses required for it. In additions, Keys to student success, Tips for success in and outside classroom, Tips for study more effectively, Study skills and tips, Principles of listening, Exam preparation tips, Exam taking strategies, How to overcome exam stress. Section on Contemporary issues in education, career and employment is an eye opener. Tips for Resume writing and Interview tips are extremely beneficial to graduating students and unemployed youth.

I hope and pray that the information contained in this book inspire students, parents and the society in general to think in terms of Aptitude-based education and careers for all students. It will result in productive and fulfilling careers and personal happiness and self-actualisation.

Antony J John

For details,please contact

Antony J John Mob:9447410584 Mail:jochan100@gmail.com

Note

Career Directory Contains details about 1200 careers with the required aptitudes. Aptitudes are - C = Clerical, L = Logical , N = Numeric, M = Mechanical, B = Business, S = Social. Defenitions of each aptitude is given in the sample report given in Site and Career Guidance Hand Book